There are many home inspections for different reasons, but the standard inspection checks to make sure appliances and major systems (hot water, HVAC, etc.) work, and examines windows, roofs, and plumbing for any visible damage or malfunctions. The inspector will also give you the age of the home’s major systems.
These inspections are not invasive. This means that the inspector will not open up a wall to make sure there isn’t a leak inside the wall but will run the faucet to make sure it doesn’t leak underneath. They do open the circuit breaker and almost always find something not quite right.
It is not uncommon to find evidence of all types of issues with a home. A ‘normal’ report can be 20+ pages long and can be quite shocking for a new home buyer. It’s important to remember that no home is perfect.
Some inspection findings may be repaired by the seller
Some may warrant a credit from the seller to the buyer for the buyer to fix
Some don’t need any action and are for the buyer’s information
Common issues include: mold, evidence of leaks, electrical outlets or circuit breaker issues, appliances not working, etc.
Other inspections that can be added on depending on the circumstances include: indoor air quality (otherwise known as a mold test), infrared leak check, exterior plumping, radon, well/water quality, and septic. Talk to your agent about what inspections are right for the type of property you’re purchasing.